Benefits of Switching to EV Fleets- Prolong the life of your fleets

Introduction

When considering electric vehicles (EVs) for a passenger, logistics or public transport fleet in India, fleet owners and managers must consider the long-term cost implications. Fleet managers in India strive to prolong the working lives of their vehicles through regular maintenance and efficient usage. In this article, we will explore how shifting to an EV fleet can positively impact fleet longevity in the Indian context.

 

The Typical Lifespan of a Fleet Vehicle

In India, fleet vehicles tend to accrue higher annual mileage compared to consumer vehicles. While consumer vehicles drive an average of 12,000 km (35 km/day) per year, fleet vehicles can easily average 70,000 km annually (190 km/day). This increased usage typically translates to a shorter lifespan for vehicles. However, electric vehicles (EVs) demonstrate an advantage over internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles in terms of fleet longevity.

EVs have a considerably lower number of moving parts compared to ICE vehicles- The drive-train in an ICE vehicle contains 2,000+ moving parts typically, whereas the drive-train in an EV contains around 20, minimising the chances of component failure and reducing the need for costly repairs.
Factors such as excessive mileage, fleet owners’ desire to maintain resale value, maintenance costs, vehicle downtime, expiring warranties, and outdated technology contribute to a relative shorter lifespan of commercial vehicles. However, EVs offer a promising solution to mitigate these challenges.

 

EV Fleet Maintenance in India

The drive-train and engine of an EV consist of only 20 moving parts as opposed to approximately 2,000 in a typical ICE vehicle. This means that EVs require substantially less maintenance, no longer necessitating expenses related to oil changes and engine maintenance. While EVs still require regular maintenance for brakes, tires, windshield wipers, and cabin air filters, fleet managers in India can save significant amounts by eliminating the need for conventional engine-related maintenance by shifting to EV fleets.

 

EV Battery Lifespan

EV batteries have two lifespan aspects that need consideration. Smartphone lithium-ion batteries typically last 2-3 years, while conventional lead-acid batteries in ICE vehicles last approximately 3-5 years. However, EV batteries can endure up to 20 years, outliving the lifespan of the vehicle itself. This extended battery lifespan is attributable to the advanced technology employed in EV batteries.

 

EV Battery Maintenance Costs

EV batteries in India are covered by an eight-year or 150,000 km warranty. Replacing a battery can be expensive, accounting for 30-40% of the total vehicle cost. Over time, batteries degrade and lose charging capacity. Some warranties cover replacement if the capacity drops below a certain threshold. While long-term data is limited, research aims to recycle used EV batteries for energy storage. By following maintenance schedules, Indian fleet managers can expect their EVs to last as needed.

 

Selecting the Right Chargers for Your EV Fleet in India

After transitioning to an EV fleet, it is vital to have the necessary electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) for charging. Each fleet has unique requirements, but a combination of Level 2 chargers and Direct Current Fast Chargers (DCFCs) is typically sufficient for most light- or medium-duty fleets in India. The number of chargers will depend on factors such as the number of vehicles, distance travelled per route, and downtime between trips.

Level 2 chargers, such as the Blink Series 7 Commercial Level 2 Charging Station, are designed specifically for fleets and large-scale charger deployments. These chargers can charge an EV in four to eight hours, depending on amperage and vehicle type. Additionally, they offer payment options for charging accessibility to employees or public users. For faster charging during the day, incorporating a few DCFCs, such as the Blink Series 9 30kW DC Fast Charging Station is recommended. DC fast charging stations deliver quick charging times, albeit at a higher initial cost.

 

Blink Fleet Management

Installing Blink chargers for a fleet in India connects them to the Blink Network, providing access to Blink Fleet Management. This platform enables fleet managers to efficiently track and manage all vehicles, including monitoring energy usage, scheduling charging sessions to leverage off-peak electricity rates, and accessing environmental reports that summarise CO2 reductions, oil savings, fuel savings, and overall cost reductions.

 

Conclusion

Electric fleet vehicles in India present a compelling proposition for fleet managers, as they not only offer cost-effective fuelling but also require reduced maintenance compared to ICE counterparts. The lower maintenance costs and extended lifespan of EVs allow fleet managers to maximise their investments. Taking advantage of the progressive EV charging infrastructure and management solutions available in India will ensure prolonged fleet life and foster environmental sustainability. Are you ready to chart your fleet charging strategy? Blink provides comprehensive guidance in planning the ideal number of chargers for your fleet. Click here to get started today.

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